The Technology-Facilitated Violence: Preserving Digital Evidence Toolkit is a guide to help women and anti-violence workers preserve digital evidence in circumstances involving technology-facilitated violence against women. Technology misuse is just one more abusive behavior that occurs in violence against women cases. Technology is not the problem; it is the underlying pattern of violent and sexist behavior that presents itself in digital forms. Because of the prevalence of technological devices today, their use can extend the reach of the abuse by the perpetrator, but it can also leave a trail of digital evidence that can be used strategically in safety planning and evidence collection by women targeted by this type of violence.
Digital evidence can contain information that may be helpful in proving an incident of technology-facilitated violence occurred. However, because digital evidence is easily deleted or manipulated, it is important to collect it promptly and accurately. This type of evidence, if preserved properly, can support a civil or criminal legal case involving violence against women. Digital evidence can assist in documenting a clear evidentiary trail of abusive and criminal behaviour. It may support the evidentiary record in family and criminal court matters, potentially alleviating some of the pressure on women and their children to testify and may result in fact-based protective resolutions.
This toolkit is a guide for women and anti-violence workers to learn about the laws and best practices surrounding digital evidence preservation, and the potential use of this evidence in cases involving technology-facilitated violence. To start, please review the BCSTH Introduction to Using the Preserving Digital Evidence Toolkit, which is a useful guide to the Toolkit.
CONSIDERATIONS BEFORE PRESERVING DIGITAL EVIDENCE
Before you begin collecting digital evidence you may want to read these documents first:
- An Introduction to Using the Technology-Facilitated Violence: Preserving Digital Evidence Toolkit
- Considerations for Women Preserving Digital Evidence
- Considerations for Anti-Violence Workers Supporting Women to Preserve Digital Evidence
GUIDELINES FOR DIGITAL EVIDENCE PRESERVATION
- Best Practices for Collecting Digital Evidence of Technology-Facilitated Violence
- Admitting Digital Evidence in Criminal Court – Rules to Consider – PDF ONLY
- Relevance of Digital Evidence for Protection Order Matters in BC Family Court or BC Civil Courts
- Authentication of Digital Evidence for Protection Order Matters in BC Family Court or BC Civil Courts
- Collecting Digital Evidence For Your Case: Fact Scenarios
- Peace Bonds for Victims of Technology-Facilitated Violence
TECHNOLOGY SPECIFIC EVIDENCE PRESERVATION GUIDES
- Preserving Evidence for Civil Court Using Video Recording IOS and Android 2020 – PDF ONLY
- BCSTH’s Apple IOS Video Screen Recording Tutorial – VIDEO
- How to Save and Print Screen Shots for Evidence Preservation – PDF ONLY
- How to Preserve Videos as Evidence
- How to Preserve an Audio Recording as Evidence
- How to Save a Website Page as a PDF or HTML
- How to Preserve Emails as Evidence
- How to Back Up and Store Evidence of Technology-Facilitated Violence
OVERVIEW OF COURT RELATED TOPIC FOR SELF-REPRESENTING LITIGANTS
- Overview of Courts Available in British Columbia
- An Overview of Your Options for Legal Representations
- Objections to Evidence
- Submitting Evidence in Court – PDF ONLY
- Definitions of Legal Terms for British Columbia: Civil and Family Law Matters – PDF ONLY
BCSTH TECHNOLOGY-FACILITATED VIOLENCE RESEARCH
LEGAL INFORMATION REGARDING TECHNOLOGY-FACILITATED VIOLENCE
- Legal Protections: What Laws Apply to You? – PDF ONLY
- Definitions of Legal Terms for British Columbia: Criminal Law Matters – PDF ONLY
- Evidence Law Information Sheet – PDF ONLY
- Legal Briefs: Tech-Facilitated Violence & The Law – Hyperlink ONLY
- Legal Remedies for Technology-Facilitated Violence
- Tech-Facilitated Violence – Criminal Case Law – Hyperlink ONLY
ADDITIONAL TECHNOLOGY SAFETY RESOURCES FOR ANTI-VIOLENCE WORKERS
ADDITIONAL TECHNOLOGY SAFETY RESOURCES FOR WOMEN
- Documentation Tips for Women Experiencing Technology-Facilitated Violence
- Sample Technology-Facilitated Violence Log
- A Guide for Canadian Women Experiencing Technology-Facilitated Violence: Strategies for Safety
- Technology Safety Resources
This project has been funded by the Ministry of Public Safety and Solicitor General (MPSSG) and the Law Foundation of BC.
These documents are a part of a series that details how to preserve evidence related to the misuse of technology in experiences of domestic violence, sexual assault, and stalking. The series is part of the Preserving Digital Evidence of Technology-Facilitated Violence Toolkit. These documents, or any portion thereof, may be reproduced or used in any manner whatsoever as long as acknowledgment to the BC Society of Transition Houses is included in the product.
This toolkit was published March 2021.
We gratefully acknowledge Sherry Xu, JD Candidate, Peter A. Allard School of Law, UBC, support by the Pro Bono Students Canada Organization; Suzie Dunn, Rachel Sombach, and Anna Milner, from the University of Ottawa; Brandon Laur of the White Hatter, Kim Hawkins of Rise Women’s Legal Centre; and Magal Huberman of Pietrow Law Group for their support in developing this toolkit.
 In this toolkit we will be using the term “woman”, “violence against women” and feminine pronouns for simplicity and to recognize the significant impact technology-facilitated violence has on women and girls. Women and girls face higher rates of most forms of technology-facilitated violence. They also experience some of the most serious consequences as a result of this violence. However, technology-facilitated violence impacts transgender, non-binary, male and female people. We hope that all people impacted by this violence will find these documents useful.
©2021 BC Society of Transition Houses, Technology Safety Project.